In this passage, Paul explains that every spiritual gift that is available is needed for the church. He begins by stating that, in contrast to mute idols being the ones that were leading the Corinthians before conversion, now they are led by the Spirit to say that Jesus is the Supreme Authority.
In verse 4, Paul says that there are different kinds of gifts, but one Spirit. Furthermore, there are different ministries, but one Lord. Further, there are different kinds of effects of those ministries, but one God. However, each individual church member has a manifestation of the Spirit for the good of the church.
In verse 8, Paul begins to list the gifts at that time, which were the message of wisdom, the message of knowledge, faith, healing, miracle-working, prophecy, discernment, tongues, and the interpretation of tongues. However, only one Spirit causes all of these gifts, and distributes them to individuals. The reason for this is that Christ has a body with many members. This is because Christians were baptized into this body, and received the Spirit. Therefore, Paul implies in verse 14, the body consists of many members, which are represented by Christians. As a result, members that differ from each other are not separate, if they are part of one body. The reason for this is that the body needs different members to function properly. Therefore, God puts different members in the body. Furthermore, weaker members are necessary, and less honorable members are honored, while less presentable members become more presentable. In a similar way, God has given more honor to members that lacked in honor, so that there is no division in the body. In addition, all the members care for each other, and experience the same things.
Likewise, Paul says, the church is Christ’s body, and composed of individual Christian members. Also, there are different roles, including apostles, prophets, and teachers, and different gifts, including miracles, healings, helps, administrations, and tongues, or languages. In verses 29-30, Paul implies that not everyone has the same gift. However, he commands them to earnestly desire the greater gifts. Yet, there is a better way of service than simply using gifts.